Form 941

IRS Form 941 941 Tax Form Information

IRS Form 941 and 941 Tax Form information can be found below. Each quarter, all employers who pay wages subject to income tax withholding (including withholding on sick pay and supplemental unemployment benefits) or Social Security and Medicare taxes must file Form 941, Employer’s Quarterly Federal Tax Return, by the last day of the month that follows the end of the quarter. However, the following exceptions apply: Seasonal employers who no longer file for quarters when they regularly have no tax liability because they have paid no wages. To alert the IRS that you will not have to file a return for one or more quarters during the year, check the “Seasonal employer” box on line 17 of Form 941. The IRS will mail two Forms 941 to the seasonal filer once a year after March 1. The pre-printed forms will not include the date that the quarter ended. You must enter the date that the quarter ended when you file the return. Generally, the IRS will not inquire about unfiled returns if at least one taxable return is filed each year. However, you must check the “Seasonal employer” box on every Form 941 you file. Otherwise, the IRS will expect a return to be filed for each quarter. Household employers reporting Social Security and Medicare taxes and/or withheld income tax. If you are a sole proprietor and file Form 941 for business Employees, you may include taxes for household Employees on your Form 941. Otherwise, report Social Security and Medicare taxes and income tax withholding for household Employees on Schedule H (Form 1040), Household Employment Taxes. See Publication 926, Household Employer’s Tax Guide, for more information. Employers reporting wages for Employees in American Samoa, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, the U.S. Virgin Islands, or Puerto Rico. If your Employees are not subject to U.S. income tax withholding, use Form 941-SS. Employers in Puerto Rico use Form 941-PR. Agricultural employers reporting Social Security, Medicare, and withheld income taxes. Report these taxes on Form 943, Employer’s Annual Federal Tax Return for Agricultural Employees. Form 941 e-file. The Form 941 e-file program allows a taxpayer to electronically file Form 941 using a personal computer, modem, and commercial tax preparation software. Contact the IRS at 1-866-255-0654 or visit the IRS website at www.IRS.gov/efile for more information. See Publication 1855, Technical Specifications Guide for the Electronic Filing of Form 941, Employee’s Quarterly Federal Tax Return, for technical specifications. 941TeleFile. You may be able to file Form 941 and pay any balance due by phone. If you received 941TeleFile materials with your Form 941 Package, check page TEL-1 of the 941TeleFile Instructions to see if you qualify for this method of filing. If you have questions related to filing Form 941 using 941TeleFile, call 1-866-255-0654. This phone number is for 941TeleFile information only and is not the number used to file the return. Electronic filing by reporting agents. Reporting agents filing Forms 941 for groups of taxpayers can file them electronically. See Reporting Agents in section 7 of Publication 15-A, Employer’s Supplemental Tax Guide, for more information. Do not file more than one Form 941 per quarter. Employers with multiple locations or divisions must file only one Form 941 per quarter. Filing more than one return may result in processing delays and may require correspondence between you and the IRS.
Hints on filing.

Do not report more than one calendar quarter on a return. Use the pre-addressed form mailed to you. If you do not have the form, get one from the IRS in time to file the return when due. If you use a form that is not pre-addressed, show your name and EIN on it. Be sure that they are exactly as they appeared on earlier returns. See the Instructions for Form 941 for information on preparing the form.
Final return.

If you go out of business, you must file a final return for the last quarter in which wages are paid. If you continue to pay wages or other compensation for quarters following termination of your business, you must file returns for those quarters. See the Instructions for Form 941 for details on how to file a final return. Note. If you are required to file a final Form 941, you are also required to furnish Forms W-2 to your Employees by the due date of your final Form 941. File Forms W-2 and W-3 with the SSA by the last day of the month that follows the due date of your final Form 941. Do not send an original or copy of Form 941 to the SSA.
Filing late Forms 941 for prior years.

If possible, get a copy of Form 941 (and separate instructions) with a revision date showing the year for which your delinquent return is being filed. However, if you are filing an original return for a quarter in a prior year and you are using the current year form, you will have to modify Form 941. (Do not modify post-2004 versions of Form 941 for pre-2005 quarters.) A form for a particular year generally can be used without modification for any quarter within that year. For example, a form with any 2005 revision date (for example, January or October 2005) generally can be used without modification for any quarter of 2005. In all cases, be sure to correctly fill out the “Date quarter ended” section at the top of the form. If you are modifying a form with pre-printed information, change the date. The date is shown with the month and year the quarter ends; for example, JUN05 would be for the quarter ending June 30, 2005. Cross out any inapplicable tax rate(s) shown on the form and write in the rate. You can get tax rates and wage base limits for all years from the IRS.

Third-Party Payers of Sick Pay

Employer’s agent. An employer’s agent is a third party that bears no insurance risk and is reimbursed on a cost-plus-fee basis for payment of sick pay and similar amounts. A third party may be your agent even if the third party is responsible for determining which Employees are eligible to receive payments. For example, if a third party provides administrative services only, the third party is your agent. If the third party is paid an insurance premium and is not reimbursed on a cost-plus-fee basis, the third party is not your agent. Whether an insurance company or other third party is your agent depends on the terms of the agreement with you. A third party that makes payments of sick pay as your agent is not considered the employer and generally has no responsibility for employment taxes. This responsibility remains with you. However, under an exception to this rule, the parties may enter into an agreement that makes the third-party agent responsible for employment taxes. In this situation, the third-party agent should use its own name and EIN(rather than your name and EIN) for the responsibilities it has assumed. Third party not employer’s agent. A third party that makes payments of sick pay other than as an agent of the employer is liable for income tax withholding (if requested by the Employee) and the Employee part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes. The third party is also liable for the employer part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes and the FUTA tax, unless the third party transfers this liability to the employer for whom the Employee normally works. This liability is transferred if the third party takes the following steps: 1. Withholds the Employee Social Security and Medicare taxes from the sick pay payments. 2. Makes timely deposits of the Employee Social Security and Medicare taxes. 3. Notifies the employer for whom the Employee normally works of the payments on which Employee taxes were withheld and deposited. The third party must notify the employer within the time required for the third party’s deposit of the Employee part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes. For instance, if the third party is a monthly schedule depositor, it must notify the employer by the 15th day of the month following the month in which the sick pay payment is made because that is the day by which the deposit is required to be made. The third party should notify the employer as soon as information on payments is available so that an employer required to make electronic deposits can make them timely. For multi-employer plans, see the special rule discussed next. Multi-employer plan timing rule. A special rule applies to sick pay payments made to Employees by a third-party insurer under an insurance contract with a multi-employer plan established under a collectively bargained agreement. If the third-party insurer making the payments complies with steps 1 and 2 above and gives the plan (rather than the employer) the required timely notice described in step 3 above, then the plan (not the third-party insurer) must pay the employer part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes and the FUTA tax. Similarly, if, within 6 business days of the plan’s receipt of notification, the plan gives notice to the employer for whom the Employee normally works, the employer (not the plan) must pay the employer part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes and the FUTA tax. Reliance on information supplied by the employer. A third party that pays sick pay should request information from the employer to determine amounts that are not subject to employment taxes. Unless the third party has reason not to believe the information, it may rely on that information as to the following items:

The total wages paid the Employee during the calendar year.
The last month in which the Employee worked for the employer.
The Employee contributions to the sick pay plan made with aftertax dollars.

The third party should not rely on statements regarding these items made by the Employee. Social Security, Medicare, and FUTA Taxes on Sick Pay Employer. If you pay sick pay to your Employee, you must generally withhold Employee Social Security and Medicare taxes from the sick pay. You must timely deposit Employee and employer Social Security and Medicare taxes and FUTA tax. There are no special deposit rules for sick pay. See section 11 of Circular E for more information on the deposit rules. Amounts not subject to Social Security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes. The following payments, whether made by the employer or a third party, are not subject to Social Security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes (different rules apply to income tax withholding):

Payments after Employee’s death or disability retirement. Social Security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes do not apply to amounts paid under a definite plan or system, as defined under Sick Pay Plan earlier, on or after the termination of the employment relationship because of death or disability retirement. However, even if there is a definite plan or system, amounts paid to a former Employee are subject to Social Security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes if they would have been paid even if the employment relationship had not terminated because of death or disability retirement. For example, a payment to a disabled former Employee for unused vacation time would have been made whether or not the Employee retired on disability. Therefore, the payment is wages and is subject to Social Security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes.
Payments after calendar year of Employee’s death. Sick pay paid to the Employee’s estate or survivor after the calendar year of the Employee’s death is not subject to Social Security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes. (Also, see Amounts not subject to income tax withholding under Income Tax Withholding on Sick Pay later.) Example. Sandra became entitled to sick pay on November 29, 2002, and died on December 26, 2002. On January 15, 2003, Sandra’s sick pay for the period from December 19 through December 26, 2002, was paid to her survivor. The payment is not subject to Social Security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes.
Payments to an Employee entitled to disability insurance benefits. Payments to an Employee when the Employee is entitled to disability insurance benefits under section 223(a) of the Social Security Act are not subject to Social Security and Medicare taxes. This rule applies only if the Employee became entitled to the Social Security Act benefits before the calendar year in which the payments are made, and the Employee performs no services for the employer during the period for which the payments are made. These payments are subject to FUTA tax.
Payments that exceed the applicable wage base. Social Security and FUTA taxes do not apply to payments of sick pay that, when combined with the regular wages and sick pay previously paid to the Employee during the year, exceed the applicable wage base. Because there is no Medicare tax wage base, this exception does not apply to Medicare tax. The Social Security tax wage base for 2003 is $87,000. The FUTA tax wage base is $7,000. Example. If an Employee receives $80,000 in wages from an employer in 2003 and then receives $10,000 of sick pay, only the first $7,000 of the sick pay is subject to Social Security tax. All of the sick pay is subject to Medicare tax. None of the sick pay is subject to FUTA tax. See Example of Figuring and Reporting Sick Pay later.
Payments after 6 months absence from work. Social Security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes do not apply to sick pay paid more than 6 calendar months after the last calendar month in which the Employee worked. Example 1. Ralph’s last day of work before he became entitled to receive sick pay was December 9, 2002. He was paid sick pay for 9 months before his return to work on September 8, 2003. Sick pay paid to Ralph after June 30, 2003, is not subject to Social Security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes. Example 2. The facts are the same as in Example 1, except that Ralph worked 1 day during the 9-month period, on February 14, 2003. Because the 6-month period begins again in March, only the sick pay paid to Ralph after August 31, 2003, is exempt from Social Security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes.
Payments attributable to Employee contributions. Social Security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes do not apply to payments, or parts of payments, attributable to Employee contributions to a sick pay plan made with aftertax dollars. (Contributions to a sick pay plan made on behalf of Employees with Employees’ pretax dollars under a Cafeteria Plan are employer contributions.) Group policy. If both the employer and the Employee contributed to the sick pay plan under a group insurance policy, figure the taxable sick pay by multiplying it by the percentage of the policy’s cost that was contributed by the employer for the 3 policy years before the calendar year in which the sick pay is paid. If the policy has been in effect fewer than 3 years, use the cost for the policy years in effect or, if in effect less than 1 year, a reasonable estimate of the cost for the first policy year. Example. Alan is employed by Edgewood Corporation. Because of an illness, he was absent from work for 3 months during 2003. Key Insurance Company paid Alan $2,000 sick pay for each month of his absence under a policy paid for by contributions from both Edgewood and its Employees. All the Employees’ contributions were paid with aftertax dollars. For the 3 policy years before 2003, Edgewood paid 70% of the policy’s cost and its Employees paid 30%. Because 70% of the sick pay paid under the policy is due to Edgewood‘s contributions, $1,400 ($2,000 × 70%) of each payment made to Alan is taxable sick pay. The remaining $600 of each payment that is due to Employee contributions is not taxable sick pay and is not subject to employment taxes. Also, see Example of Figuring and Reporting Sick Pay later.

Income Tax Withholding on Sick Pay The requirements for income tax withholding on sick pay and the methods for figuring it differ depending on whether the sick pay is paid by:

The employer,
An agent of the employer (defined earlier), or
A third party that is not the employer’s agent.

Employer or employer’s agent. Sick pay paid by you or your agent is subject to mandatory income tax withholding. An employer or agent paying sick pay generally determines the income tax to be withheld based on the Employee’s Form W-4. The Employee cannot choose how much will be withheld by giving you or your agent a Form W-4S, Request for Federal Tax Withholding From Sick Pay. Sick pay paid by an agent is treated as Supplemental Wages. If the agent does not pay regular wages to the Employee, the agent may choose to withhold income tax at a flat 27% rate, rather than at the wage withholding rate. Third party not an agent. Sick pay paid by a third party that is not your agent is not subject to mandatory income tax withholding. However, an Employee may elect to have income tax withheld by submitting Form W-4S to the third party. If Form W-4S has been submitted, the third party should withhold income tax on all payments of sick pay made 8 or more days after receiving the form. The third party may, at its option, withhold income tax before 8 days have passed. The Employee may request on Form W-4S to have a specific whole dollar amount withheld. However, if the requested withholding would reduce any net payment below $10, the third party should not withhold any income tax from that payment. The minimum amount of withholding that the Employee can specify is $20 a week. Withhold from all payments at the same rate. For example, if $25 is withheld from a regular full payment of $100, then $20 (25%) should be withheld from a partial payment of $80. Amounts not subject to income tax withholding. The following amounts, whether paid by you or a third party, are not wages subject to income tax withholding.

Payments after the Employee’s death. Sick pay paid to the Employee’s estate or survivor at any time after the Employee’s death is not subject to income tax withholding, regardless of who pays it.
Payments attributable to Employee contributions. Payments, or parts of payments, attributable to Employee contributions made to a sick pay plan with aftertax dollars are not subject to income tax withholding. For more information, see the corresponding discussion in Amounts not subject to Social Security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes earlier.

Depositing and Reporting This section discusses who is liable for depositing Social Security, Medicare, FUTA, and withheld income taxes on sick pay. These taxes must be deposited under the same rules that apply to deposits of taxes on regular wage payments. See Circular E for information on the deposit rules. This section also explains how sick pay should be reported on Forms Form W-2, Form W-3, 940 or 940-EZ, and 941. Sick Pay Paid by Employer or Agent If you or your agent (defined earlier) make sick pay payments, you deposit taxes and file Forms Form W-2, Form W-3, 940 or 940-EZ, and 941 under the same rules that apply to regular wage payments. However, the agreement between the parties may require your agent to carry out responsibilities that would otherwise have been borne by you. In this situation, your agent should use its own name and EIN(rather than yours) for the responsibilities it has assumed. Reporting sick pay on Form Form W-2. You may either combine the sick pay with other wages and prepare a single Form Form W-2 for each Employee, or you may prepare separate Forms Form W-2 for each Employee, one reporting sick pay and the other reporting regular wages. A Form Form W-2 must be prepared even if all the sick pay is nontaxable (see Box 12 below in the list of information that must be included on Form Form W-2). All Forms Form W-2 must be given to the Employees by January 31. The Form Form W-2 filed for the sick pay must include the employer’s name, address, and EIN; the Employee’s name, address, and SSN; and the following information:

Box 1 – Sick pay the Employee must include in income.
Box 2 – Any Federal income tax withheld from the sick pay.
Box 3 – Sick pay subject to Employee Social Security tax.
Box 4 – Employee Social Security tax withheld from the sick pay.
Box 5 – Sick pay subject to Employee Medicare tax.
Box 6 – Employee Medicare tax withheld from the sick pay.
Box 12 – Any amount not subject to Federal income tax because the Employee contributed to the sick pay plan (enter code J).

Sick Pay Paid by Third Party The rules for a third party that is not your agent depend on whether liability has been transferred as discussed under Third-Party Payers of Sick Pay earlier. To figure the due dates and amounts of its deposits of employment taxes, a third party should combine:

The liability for the wages paid to its own Employees and
The liability for payments it made to all Employees of all its clients. This does not include liability transferred to the employer.

Liability not transferred to the employer. If the third party does not satisfy the requirements for transferring liability for FUTA tax and the employer’s part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes, the third party reports the sick pay on its own Forms 940 (or 940-EZ) and 941. In this situation, the employer has no tax responsibilities for sick pay. The third party must deposit Social Security, Medicare, FUTA, and withheld income taxes using its own name and EIN. The third party must give each Employee to whom it paid sick pay a Form Form W-2 by January 31 of the following year. The Form Form W-2 must include the third party’s name, address, and EIN instead of the employer information. Otherwise, the third party must complete Form Form W-2 as shown in Reporting sick pay on Form Form W-2 earlier. Liability transferred to the employer. Generally, if a third party satisfies the requirements for transferring liability for the employer part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes and for the FUTA tax, the following rules apply. Deposits. The third party must make deposits of withheld Employee Social Security and Medicare taxes and withheld income tax using its own name and EIN. You must make deposits of the employer part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes and the FUTA tax using your name and EIN. In applying the deposit rules, your liability for these taxes begins when you receive the third party’s notice of sick pay payments. Form 941. The third party and you must each file Form 941. Line 9 of each Form 941 must contain a special adjusting entry for Social Security and Medicare taxes. These entries are required because the total tax liability for Social Security and Medicare taxes (Employee and employer parts) is split between you and the third party.

Employer. You must include third-party sick pay onlines 2, 6a, and 7a of Form 941. (There are no entries for sick pay on lines 3 through 5.) After completing line 8, subtract on line 9 the Employee Social Security and Medicare taxes withheld and deposited by the third party. Enter that amount in the Sick Pay space provided. If line 9 includes adjustments unrelated to sick pay, show those amounts in the spaces provided and the total in the line 9 entry space on the right.
Third party. The third party must include on Form 941 the Employee part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes (and income tax, if any) it withheld. The third party does not include on line 2 any sick pay paid as a third party but does include on line 3 any income tax withheld. On line 6a, the third party enters the total amount it paid subject to Social Security taxes. This amount includes both wages paid to its own Employees and sick pay paid as a third party. The third party completes line 7a in a similar manner. On line 9, the third party subtracts the employer part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes that you must pay. The third party enters the amount you must pay on line 9 in the Sick Pay space provided. If line 9 includes adjustments unrelated to sick pay, the third party shows those amounts in the spaces provided and the total of all adjustments in the line 9 entry space.

Form 940 or 940-EZ. You, not the third party, must prepare Form 940 or 940-EZ for sick pay. Third-party sick pay recap Forms Form W-2 and Form W-3. The third party must prepare a third-party sick pay recap Form Form W-2 and a third-party sick pay recap Form Form W-3. These forms, previously called dummy forms, do not reflect sick pay paid to individual Employees, but instead show the combined amount of sick pay paid to all Employees of all clients of the third party. The recap forms provide a means of reconciling the wages shown on the third party’s Form 941. However, see Optional rule for Form Form W-2 later. Do not file the recap Form Form W-2 and Form W-3 electronically or on magnetic media. The third party fills out the third-party sick pay recap Form Form W-2 as follows:

Box b – Third party’s EIN.
Box c – Third party’s name and address.
Box e – Third-Party Sick Pay Recap in place of the Employee’s name.
Box 1 – Total sick pay paid to all Employees.
Box 2 – Any Federal income tax withheld from the sick pay.
Box 3 – Sick pay subject to Employee Social Security tax.
Box 4 – Employee Social Security tax withheld from sick pay.
Box 5 – Sick pay subject to Employee Medicare tax.
Box 6 – Employee Medicare tax withheld from the sick pay.

The third party attaches the third-party sick pay recap Form Form W-2 to a separate recap Form Form W-3, on which only boxes b, e, f, g, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, and 13 are completed. Enter Third-Party Sick Pay Recap in box 13. Only the employer makes an entry in box 14 of Form Form W-3. Optional rule for Form Form W-2. You and the third party may choose to enter into a legally binding agreement designating the third party to be your agent for purposes of preparing Forms Form W-2 reporting sick pay. The agreement must specify what part, if any, of the payments under the sick pay plan is excludable from the Employees’ gross incomes because it is attributable to their contributions to the plan. If you enter into an agreement, the third party prepares the actual Forms Form W-2, not the third-party sick pay recap Form Form W-2 as discussed earlier, for each Employee who receives sick pay from the third party. If the optional rule is used: 1. The third party does not provide you with the sick pay statement described below and 2. You (not the third party) prepare third-party sick pay recap Forms Form W-2 and Form W-3. These recap forms are needed to reconcile the sick pay shown on your Form 941. Sick pay statement. The third party must furnish you with a sick pay statement by January 15 of the year following the year in which the sick pay was paid. The statement must show the following information about each Employee who was paid sick pay:

The Employee’s name.
The Employee’s SSN (if Social Security, Medicare, or income tax was withheld).
The sick pay paid to the Employee.
Any Federal income tax withheld.
Any Employee Social Security tax withheld.
Any Employee Medicare tax withheld.

Example of Figuring and Reporting Sick Pay Dave, an Employee, was seriously injured in a car accident on January 1, 2002. Dave’s last day of work was December 31, 2001. The accident was not job related. Key, an insurance company that was not an agent of the employer, paid Dave $2,000 each month for 10 months, beginning in January 2002. Dave submitted a Form W-4S to Key, requesting $210 be withheld from each payment for Federal income tax. Dave received no payments from Edgewood, his employer, from January 2002 through October 2002. Dave returned to work in November 2002. For the policy year in which the car accident occurred, Dave paid a part of the premiums for his coverage, and Edgewood paid the remaining part. The plan was, therefore, a contributory plan. During the 3 policy years before the calendar year of the accident, Edgewood paid 70% of the total of the net premiums for its Employees’ insurance coverage, and its Employees paid 30%. Social Security and Medicare taxes. For Social Security and Medicare tax purposes, taxable sick pay was $8,400 ($2,000 per month × 70% = $1,400 taxable portion per payment; $1,400 × 6 months = $8,400 total taxable sick pay). Only the six $2,000 checks received by Dave from January through June are included in the calculation. The check received by Dave in July (the seventh check) was received more than 6 months after the month in which Dave last worked. Of each $2,000 payment Dave received, 30% ($600) is not subject to Social Security and Medicare taxes because the plan is contributory and Dave’s aftertax contribution is considered to be 30% of the premiums during the 3 policy years before the calendar year of the accident. FUTA tax. Of the $8,400 taxable sick pay (figured the same as for Social Security and Medicare taxes), only $7,000 is subject to the FUTA tax because the FUTA contribution base is $7,000. Income tax withholding. Of each $2,000 payment, $1,400 ($2,000 × 70%) is subject to voluntary income tax withholding. In accordance with Dave’s Form W-4S, $210 was withheld from each payment ($2,100 for the 10 payments made during 2002). Liability transferred. For the first 6 months following the last month in which Dave worked, Key was liable for Social Security, Medicare, and FUTA taxes on any payments that constituted taxable wages. However, Key could have shifted the liability for the employer part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes (and for the FUTA tax) during the first 6 months by withholding Dave’s part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes, timely depositing the taxes, and notifying Edgewood of the payments. If Key shifted liability for the employer part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes to Edgewood and provided Edgewood with a sick pay statement, Key would not prepare a Form Form W-2 for Dave. However, Key would prepare third-party sick pay recap Forms Form W-2 and Form W-3. Key and Edgewood must each prepare Form 941. Edgewood must also report the sick pay and withholding for Dave on Forms Form W-2, Form W-3, and 940. As an alternative, the parties could have followed the optional rule described under Optional rule for Form Form W-2 earlier. Under this rule, Key would prepare Form Form W-2 even though liability for the employer part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes had been shifted to Edgewood. Also, Key would not prepare a sick pay statement, and Edgewood, not Key, would prepare the recap Forms Form W-2 and Form W-3 reflecting the sick pay shown on Edgewood‘s Form 941. Liability not transferred. If Key did not shift liability for the employer part of the Social Security and Medicare taxes to Edgewood, Key would prepare Forms Form W-2 and Form W-3 as well as Forms 941 and 940. In this situation, Edgewood would not report the sick pay. Payments received after 6 months. The payments received by Dave in July through October are not subject to Social Security, Medicare, or FUTA taxes, because they were received more than 6 months after the last month in which Dave worked (December 2001). However, Key must continue to withhold income tax from each payment because Dave furnished Key a Form W-4S. Also, Key must prepare Forms Form W-2 and Form W-3, unless it has furnished Edgewood with a sick pay statement. If the sick pay statement was furnished, then Edgewood must prepare Forms Form W-2 and Form W-3.

Sick Pay

Many U.S. employers offer sick leave pay. Some even offer accrued sick leave pay when Employees quit or get laid off. But there are no state laws that mandate sick leave pay. It’s strictly voluntary for employers. They typically offer it as a benefit to attract and retain Employees. If employers do offer sick leave pay, then Employees are entitled to it, if they comply with the terms and conditions in related policies or employment contracts. Since it’s a voluntary benefit, employers may call the shots. For example, by policy, your employer can require you to submit a doctor’s note to receive your sick leave pay. However, if employers don’t apply their sick leave policies consistently to all Employees, “cheated” Employees might be able to sue. Under the Family Medical Leave Act (FMLA), you might be entitled by Federal law to take up to 12 weeks of sick leave for your own or a family member’s illness, without losing your job or group health benefits. However, the Act does not require your employer to offer sick leave pay. Your state might have a similar law that changes the Federal Act. See following link to the US Department of Labor site: Federal vs. State Family and Medical Leave Laws